Plantation workers lived in camps next to the sugar and pineapple fields. The plantations segregated them – there was Chinese camp, Filipino camp, Puerto Rican camp and so on. The Camps had a hierarchy—wealthy owners at the top, followed by the Lunas or Managers who were usually European. Then at the bottom, the workers—mostly from Asia. Conditions were often squalid until families took steps to improve their own lives.
Gaylord Kubota, Domingo Los Banos, Espy Garcia, Ah Quon McElrath, Barbara Kawakami, Alma Ogata, Fuzzy Alboro, George Fujiwara, May Fujiwara, Jon Arisumi. Moses Pataki, and Richard Nagame. Scholars Ronald Takaki, Franklin Odo, Bill Puette, William Boylan, Lee Tonouchi, Kent Sakoda and Jeffrey Siegel. Actors Dann Seki, Chisao Hata, Denise Aoki Chinen, and Keith Kashiwada. Hole Hole Bushi songs were sung by Shigeko Miyashiro.